In August, 2005, a 28-year-old man colapsed in an internet cafe in South Korea and later died.

According to reports at the time, he’d been playing Starcraft for 50 hours with few breaks. Local police figured he died from heart-failure brought on by exhaustion.

While it’s rare to hear about gamers actually dying from their addictions, the problem clearly exists. This why the Smith & Jones Wild Horses Centre in Amsterdam has a new program for compulsive gamers.

The Need for the Program

According to the centre’s website, the need for the program became apparent when staff interviewed clients who’d come in for drug or alcohol addictions and found a small number were also addicted to video games.

The site goes on to explain that many of the symptoms described by the game addicts were similar those experienced by junkies and alcoholics: obsessive thinking, health problems, long-term damage to personal relationships and career problems.

In fact, the 28-year-old Korean man had been fired for missing work to play video games short before he died.

Increasing Popularity

Many experts point to the increasing popularity of online multi-player games like MMORPGs(massive multiplayer online role playing games) as a reason why the problem seems to be getting worse.

These games provide an entire virtual world to be explored while allowing players to interact with others all over the world. They can join guilds to team up, collect money to buy bigger and better iteams and gain experience to become stronger.

The desire to become stronger and gain more is what leads to the compulsive play. This can be seen by a glance at eBay these days, where virtual property in these online worlds is up for auction, some of it going for insane prices. Players are actually willing to part with real money to gain more in the games.

Fighting Compulsive Gaming

To combat compulsive gaming, the Smith & Jones program offers not only detox and therapy but also takes patients out to the wilderness for “high-adrenaline” activities so they can find thrills in the “real world.”

The centre’s website acknowledges that 80 per cent of gamers are fine but aim’s to help the ones with real and serious problems.

Suboxone is composed of a combination of naloxone and buprenorphine. Naloxone works by blocking the effects of opioids such as heroin, codeine, and morphine. Buprenorphine is an opioid but produces less of an euphoric (high) feeling and it is easier to stop taking.

Administration of Suboxone

Suboxone is used to switch you from your current opioid to Suboxone. During your initial dosage, you must be experiencing mild-to-moderate withdrawal symptoms. This is extremely important. If you take an initial dose of Suboxone without being in mild-to-moderate withdrawal, the medicine will cause you to feel worse because it will cause withdrawal symptoms. Your first dose will be given in your physician’s office. Your symptoms will be assessed and depending on your reaction to the first dose, you may have to be given a second dose.

After your physician has determined a correct dosage, you will be given a prescription to take at home. Your doctor may want to see you daily for the first week to adjust your dosages.

You will be required to fulfill a maintenance program. This will include treatment compliance, taking your Suboxone as prescribed, and generally includes participation in some form of counseling or therapy.

Side Effects of Suboxone

Common side effects while taking this medication can include headache, trouble sleeping, sweating, pain, stomach pain, nausea, or constipation.

Suboxone should not be stopped without first discussing this with your physician. Suboxone can cause withdrawal symptoms and it is best to have your doctor gradually reduce your dosage to avoid these unpleasant side effects.

Seek medical attention immediately if while taking Suboxone you experience an allergic reaction, difficulty breathing, closing of the throat, swelling to your lips, tongue or face, hives, dizziness, confusion, slow breathing, yellowing of your eyes or skin, dark colored urine, or light colored stools.

Considerations while on Suboxone

Suboxone, when given at the proper dosage, helps patients reduce illicit opioid use and remain in treatment. It works by suppressing the symptoms of withdrawal and decreases cravings for opioids.

Alcohol should not be used while on this medication. Alcohol can increase drowsiness and dizziness.

Discuss any other medications you are currently taking with your physician before taking Suboxone. Certain medicines such as antidepressants, antihistamines, sedatives, pain relievers, muscle relaxants, and anxiety pills can interact and cause a dangerous level of drowsiness.

An overdose of Suboxone can cause death. You should only use Suboxone exactly as prescribed by your physician.

People who are close to chemical and process addicts often have difficulty understanding what exactly is going on in their loved one’s head. They wonder why the possible consequences of addiction — job loss, divorce, loss of children, homelessness, incarceration, illness, death — don’t deter the addict from his or her addictive behaviors. They may also wonder how the addict manages to get through the day with these actual or potential consequences staring them in the face.

To the non-addict, an addict’s behaviour often seems irrational and illogical. The thing to remember with addiction is this: inside every addict is the belief that life would be unlivable without their drug. Therefore, their thinking goes, drug use must continue at all costs.

To maintain the belief “drug use must continue, no matter what,” addicts must insulate themselves from the pain their use causes themselves and others by deploying a complex set of interwoven cognitive distortions.

Cognitive Distortions in a Person With an Addiction

Cognitive distortion are ways of perceiving reality that can distort the truth of a situation. Anyone — non-addicts included — may use cognitive distortions. However, addicts and others with low self-esteem as well as people faced with disturbing realities may use these skewed ways of thinking more frequently than people who are well-functioning. The day-to-day situations of most addicted people are so wretched that without cognitive distortions, they would not be able to function.

What are some of the common cognitive distortions of addicted people?

Denial in Addiction

The person in denial refuses to accept or even acknowledge the existence or severity of a problem. Many experts in the treatment of addiction consider denial to be at the center of the disorder.

While addicts are not the only troubled people who use denial as a means to cope with disturbing realities, addicts use denial more consistently and comprehensively than people with other types of problems.

Personalization in an Addict

When personalization occurs, the addict feels that blame or responsibility is assigned to them at the mere mention of an event or situation. For example, if a family member declines the offer of a second helping at dinner, an addict using personalization may feel personally blamed, attacked, or judged by the family member’s refusal.

Personalization keeps the addict is an emotionally-overcharged state at all times. The uncomfortable feelings generated by personalization functions both as a “reason” to use, and as a distraction from the real problem, the addiction.

Emotional Reasoning in Addiction

When an addict uses emotional reasoning, they create an understanding of a situation based strictly on how they feel. For example, guilt may lead an addict to feel “unworthy of love”; emotional reasoning convinces them that feeling unworthy and being unworthy are the same thing. People who use emotional reasoning can enter into a self-destructive loop of negative thoughts and feelings that feed off each other and decrease the individual’s feelings of low self-esteem and lack of self-worth.

Like personalization, emotional reasoning gives the addict plenty of “reasons” to keep using, and also functions as a distraction from the real problem.

Addiction and Magnification/Minimization

Magnification involves over-analyzing and inflating one’s errors, flaws, and defects of character. Minimization involves ignoring, justifying, or explaining away serious problems and concerns. In other words, when addicts magnify issues, small molehills are mistaken for significant mountains. When they minimize issues, they are treating significant mountains like small molehills.

Most addicts use both magnification and minimization to defend and distract from the addiction and it’s consequences.

“Should” Statements in Someone With an Addiction

“Should” statements – like “I should be more committed to exercising” and “I should get some help with this problem” may be motivating statements for non-addicts, but for addicts “should” statements are like Kryptonite. “Should” statements sap all the addict’s resolve and replace it with self-loathing and helplessness. That’s because for people in addiction there are tremendous personal, familial, and societal expectations are hidden in the word “should”. The pressure of these perceived expectations results in the addicted person feeling trapped and resentful.

As with the other cognitive distortions, addicts use the emotional pain generated by “should” statements in two ways: to provide a “reason” for using and to distract from the consequences of the use.

Labeling and Addiction

Labeling inaccurately assigns meaning to people, things, and events. Because ________ happened, it means ___________ is always and everywhere true. In other words, labeling over-generalizes.

For example, an addict might say to himself: “I was late today, therefore I am unreliable.” Of course, having established that he is unreliable, the addict can now excuse himself from any obligation to even try to be on time: “I’m unreliable; therefore, people will expect me to be late, and so there is no point in me trying to be on time.”

Mental Filters in Addicts

An addict who uses a mental filter sees everything in the present reality through a past experience. In other words, the person has had an emotionally charged experience, and starts to view all subsequent experiences through the lens of the past event. For example, in addiction it is not unusual for addicts to face great danger and violence from others. Those experiences start to colour all their interactions so that they lose the ability to distinguish between trustworthy people who are trying to help and untrustworthy people who are trying to take advantage of them.

Like the other cognitive distortions, using a mental filter keeps the addict distracted from the consequences of her use, and generates a good deal of loneliness and isolation that then become a “reason” to continue to use.

Tips for Coping With An Addict’s Cognitive Distortions

Remember that addicts will not give up their distortions until they are ready. Chances are you will be ready for them to get rid of their distortions long before they are. Since an addict’s distortions will likely last as long as the addiction itself, you will likely need to find a way to balance your compassion and concern for the addict with a practical ‘no nonsense’ stance.

In other words, you will likely need to find a way to express caring and compassion without getting drawn into the drama and chaos. Many friends and family members of addicts find that the support and fellowship of others in the same situation helps them achieve this.

The most important thing to remember about an addict’s cognitive distortions is that you have a choice about whether or not you will join in. You have no control over the addict’s cognitive distortions, but you do have control over whether or not you will buy into them.If your instincts tell you that the addict’s perceptions of a situation are skewed, don’t doubt yourself. Go with your gut.

Simple prayers ask God to heal and guide the drug addicted through treatment and beyond.

Many people struggle with addiction to alcohol, over-the-counter medications, and other drugs. The following prayers — prayer to stop using, prayer to seek treatment, blessing for a person in recovery, and thanksgiving for staying clean — invite God to be a source of strength to those struggling with drug addiction.

Prayer to Stop Using Drugs

While addicted to drugs, stopping can seem impossible. The following prayer asks God to intervene in the midst of using drugs, that the individual might be better able to seek treatment: “God, help! I can’t stop without You. Let me stop. Amen.”

One might repeat this prayer to battle a craving, as they try to make a different choice that’s conducive with healthy living.

Prayer to Seek Drug Treatment

Seeking help for substance abuse is extremely difficult when drugs are running one’s life. The following prayer asks God to grant strength to someone seeking treatment, that he/she may stop the drug cycle:

“Loving God, You know I need help. I’m not strong enough to reach out by myself. Grant me the strength to seek [insert treatment intervention, plan, or program, if known,] that I may reclaim my life from [insert addictive substance here,] in Your loving and precious name, Amen.”

One may also recite this prayer for a loved one or friend in hopes that he/she will seek treatment for a drug addiction, as well as for people seeking help who may need extra support.

Blessing for a Person in Recovery

Being and staying in recovery takes patience, support, hard work, and lots of grace. The following prayer asks God to bless the person in recovery, keep him/her from relapse, and guide him/her on the path to being drug free:

“God of power and might, grant [insert person’s name] the grace to be and stay drug free. Be with him/her when [addictive substance] calls, and help him/her choose life over death. Bless [insert person’s name,] keep him/her, and continue to guide him/her in the light of Your healing love. Amen.”

One might offer this prayer to welcome home an individual from inpatient treatment or to mark an important event in recovery, such as a week, month, year, or decade drug-free.

Thanksgiving for Staying Clean

For those addicted to drugs and alcohol, every day without them is an achievement. For the religious person, staying clean is, indeed, a gift from God. The following prayer offers God thanks and celebrates an individual’s ability to live drug free.

“Lord God of heaven and earth, of life and death, of freedom and fear, thank you for [insert time without drugs.] My freedom would not be possible without your love and without the love of [insert other people who offered support during recovery.] Thank you for freeing me from myself, and guide me to continue to choose life, in Your loving and precious name, Amen.”

The battle with drug addiction can seem like a losing battle, but with prayer, a religious individual may rely on an infinite source of strength and trust that he/she is not alone, even in the midst of addiction.

Substance abuse can have devastating effects on the family as a whole. The emotional toll can be debilitating as well as health and financial concerns. Illegal purchasing of drugs and the health of the individual or individuals in a family is also of grave concern. Communication breaks down and the family becomes divided. Violence can occur when a person is under the influence so treatment in a rehab facility or in family counseling is highly recommended. Loving an addict, is hard. If you are committed to seeing them through the addiction, they will be be eternally grateful.
Communication breaks down when a member of the family is abusing drugs. They will withdraw from their family and friends, becoming irritable and anxious.

Young substance abusers may run away becoming homeless or entrenched in a life of prostitution to pay for their habit. The family member is in denial regarding their drug use and will rationalize their habit making communication difficult. There is an increasing number of young people abusing prescription drugs due to the fact they can find them in their parents bathrooms.

Health concerns are a major effect on the family. The possibility of a drug overdose can frighten family members. The substance abuser may have multiple health problems from the overuse of drugs such as brain damage and heart problems.

When a family member is under the influence of drugs money becomes an important part of their lives so they may keep purchasing the drugs. They will find any means to obtain that money and one is by stealing from family members. Leaving a purse or wallet, jewelry and other valuables in their reach makes it easy for them to steal. Storing away valuables and keeping wallets and purses out of their sight helps in them not stealing from you. But they will find others to steal from and could get caught and prosecuted.

A family member under the influence of drugs can become quite violent. Their strength can intensify and their mind can hallucinate. When a family member becomes a threat to you or to himself law enforcement should be called. Do not try and take upon yourself to try and talk a person down when they are under the influence and have become violent.

Purchasing illegal drugs can have it’s on ramifications besides just the health concerns. When a member of the family is caught and arrested on drug charges the entire family is effected. It the arrested person is a parent their employment may be in jeopardy.

There are a number of support groups to help the family when a member is abusing a substance. For families of alcoholics Al-anon is a free support group. For people whose family member abuses narcotics there is Nar-Anon and Co-anon for those with cocaine abuse. Trusted family and friends can be a huge life support along with your local churches and their ministers.

Have you thought of disclosing your substance abuse history with a person you just met, but is held back by the possible effect of it?

One of the biggest concerns of recovering addicts is when to disclose their ordeals to others. The social stigma that comes with substance abuse magnifies the fear of telling others about the journey and the possible good effects of it in their lives. Sharing your story can prevent more useless deaths. See the article deaths on the rise in Ohio due to drug overdose.

While there are a number of sincere individuals, who are willing to listen to every word you say, you also cannot control how all others will react to what you’ve been through.

What is the benefit to self-disclosure?

Self-disclosure could develop healthy relationships as it helps establish trust. However, there are also risks. When we bring up our weakest point so another person will know us better, our subconscious self sends us back to our suffering and dependency. Unknowingly, you are putting the ordeal on spotlight once again, bringing back the negative emotions that came with it too. Feeling risk-free, therefore, is extremely important, when sharing with others. Otherwise, we’ll just develop scenarios in our mind that the receiver of the information cannot be trusted.

To reveal or not? Try to consider these:

The fact is that the more we can share our tales, the less power it holds.

Telling others about our dependency is more like confessing to someone that you had leprosy.  Generally, making use of our injuries to strengthen our present self is extremely important to fully move on. Recovery is not merely placing all of our discomforts in a balloon. Rather, it is permitting it to eventually rupture, and telling ourselves to fully accept what has happened.

Self-disclosure has to have a great deal of exceptional sincerity to it.

You have to feel a strong control of your past and take full responsibility for previous mishaps without being ruled by embarrassment. You should be tranquil and certain in your willingness to share your story with another person. You should have a clear understanding of what you went through, the effects it brought to you and the people around, and where you are going while picking up the pieces of your broken self. Your stint with Fentanyl Detox could inspire someone else to get over their demons with prescription drug abuse or alcohol.

More than the need to trust the other person, place trust back right into yourself.

Revealing because we feel we “ought to” typically signifies a  masochistic image with an underlying thought that we are worthy of punishment. When we tell others about a terrible part of us, we tend to restrict ourselves because of fear of rejection at one point of it. The objective of telling another person about what we’ve been through is not to be approved by them, but to recognize that there is nothing to be ashamed of our past because we have already acknowledged to move on from it.

One of the most crucial points to think about is the reason why we need to share it with another person. In a world where intentions are almost always self-directed, it is more important to be at peace with what we have been through than try to be accepted by others, especially if they just came into our lives now.

Oxymorphone or Opana is a pretty big narcotic prescription drug, which is also an opioid. It is a drug that has been gaining popularity amongst the users due to the artificial high it produces for a longer range of time. It can be used for non-medicinal purposes, and the drug enforcement agency classifies this as a Schedule II controlled substance. It has a pretty high potential to create dependency on the drug, and abuse is pretty common for people using Oxymorphone in alarming frequency.


Basically used in order to control the pain, Oxymorphone has an immediate effect on the body. It can help in the increase of pleasure, as well as produce a relaxing effect in the entire body. It can take care of the functions of the central nervous system, particularly the elevation of the BP, as well as increase in the heart rate that leads to happiness within the entire body. Chemical receptors such as serotonin are also released with signals happiness in the body.

When taken in a regular frequency, Oxymorphone can lead to a sort of tolerance leading to an increase in the dependency of an individual up on this particular drug. It is true for both the recreational as well as the people that use it for legitimate means. Sometimes, the people making use of Oxymorphone may need to take a higher dose so that they can get rid of the pain and come across a mellow feeling as it subsides.

Withdrawal symptoms of Oxymorphone

The dependency of drug addicts on Oxymorphone can be both psychological as well as physical, and there are certain withdrawal symptoms that will be showcased in the user.

  1. Joint pain
  2. Weakness
  3. Excessive yawning
  4. Irritability
  5. Insomnia
  6. Nausea and vomiting
  7. Restlessness
  8. The dilation of the pupils
  9. A noticeable increase in the heart rate
  10. Anorexia

Detox for Oxymorphone use

Medicinal detox is the one that is normally considered in order to ease the withdrawal symptoms associated with Oxymorphone. When it is provided in a specialized facility with professionals all around the clock, then vital signs can be monitored, and the mental health can be easily checked in the patient. This helps in the reduction of dependency of the user on Oxymorphone gradually, and it can smooth out any kind of withdrawal and side effects.

Typically, most of the treatment centers make use of substitution medications to counter the effect of such opioid drugs. Therefore, you can get medications like methadone being prescribed to the people suffering from Oxymorphone addiction. The primary reason methadone is given is to ensure that a lesser amount of those it is required in order to keep all the receptors activated. These are pretty long acting opioids, resulting in a few doses for the patient. Moreover, methadone is only dispersed from the federal clinics, and therefore it would create a sort of buffer zone for being dependent on this drug as well. The people substituting methadone for Oxymorphone would not be able to feel the high associated with the latter.

Propoxyphene, otherwise known as a prescription medication has been used in order to treat any kind of moderate pain in the patient. However, it has also been classified as a schedule II substance in the United States according to the drug enforcement agency or the DEA. It signals that prescription medication that contains Propoxyphene should be used with caution. However, most of the people that undergo substance abuse with Propoxyphene find it to be highly addictive. As recent as 2010, most of the products had procured negative reviews, and it was being pulled from the markets. There were many doctors that did not prescribe medication that contained Propoxyphene. However, even though such kind of medications is no longer available, people have still been able to abuse its use and maintain and obtain them for their own addiction.

Propoxyphene-Related Deaths from 1981 to 2002

Withdrawal symptoms of Propoxyphene

People ingesting Propoxyphene in large proportions become addicted very soon. Some of the withdrawal symptoms seen;

  • Aches in the muscles
  • Constant sweating
  • Chills
  • Anxiety
  • Fever
  • Insomnia

Besides such symptoms, Propoxyphene dependency can also come with a lot of psychological issues. Sometimes depression as well as cravings for the drug can become commonplace after you stop using it. You need proper consultation from a doctor or a physician and get into a detox and rehab facility at the earliest.

Detox facilities for Propoxyphene

There are various modes of the talks that can be used in order to get rid of Propoxyphene addiction.

  • Detoxification in the emergency room: Whenever there is any case for overdose with Propoxyphene, the user is immediately rushed into the emergency room. Trained physicians that are extremely competent can focus upon saving the life of the person with some of the best detox practices which can lead to a long-term recovery.
  • Detoxification in the residence: The Propoxyphene addict can go for detox facilities within the confines of their own house with the presence of a medical personal at all times. Although this is a very costly venture, and greatly risks relapse of the patient, it also ensures that the patient can remain within the sanctity of their own house. Whenever there are any withdrawal symptoms creeping up, there are family members to keep the person at hold.
  • Detoxification in an establishment: There are detox and rehab facilities all across the world that caters to Propoxyphene addicts. In order to take care of this addiction, people need to get themselves admitted into such rehab centers at the earliest. Proper medical care and comfort will be provided to the drug addicts and all the proper protocols shall be maintained to take care of the withdrawal symptoms. Moreover, customized solutions shall also be found according to the needs of the patient. There are other rehab services like psychological evaluation that shall be done on the patient at regular basis to prevent any kind of relapse.

Propoxyphene addiction can be dangerous, and one needs to get help at the earliest possible opportunity so as to tackle this problem head on.