Many people are first introduced to the fellowship of Alcoholics Anonymous, also called AA, by a judge or a parole officer who tells them to attend some meetings. Others walk into that first meeting of their own accord or at the request of a loved one. Although Alcoholics Anonymous is not a religious organization, many AA meetings are held in churches. There are a number of meetings available at different dates and times. Smaller cities will have less variety than larger ones.

While there are different types of meetings – closed meetings, which are only open to alcoholics or people who think they are alcoholics; open meetings, which are open to anyone interested in the disease of alcoholism or speaker meetings, which feature a main speaker – most groups follow a basic format.

Alcoholics Anonymous Meetings are Filled with Recovering Alcoholics

When a new person arrives at his first AA meeting, he is likely to see people talking, drinking coffee and saying hello to their friends. People often sit in chairs arranged in a circle. Some meetings are large and some meetings are small. Almost everyone is there because they want to be.

A chairperson opens the meeting, usually by asking for a moment of silence followed by a group recitation of the Serenity Prayer. Someone usually reads the AA Preamble taken from the Alcoholics Anonymous text known as the Big Book. Sometimes another reading from the Big Book called The Promises is read. People attending their first meeting will have an opportunity to introduce themselves by giving their first name if they want to, but it’s not required.

Most of the AA Meeting Time Will Be Taken Up by the Discussion

After the readings, a discussion leader starts the topic by speaking about something related to alcoholism and recovery. After the discussion leader opens, other members will speak. People introduce themselves by saying “My name is _____________________ and I am an alcoholic,” and then begin sharing on the discussion topic or any other recovery-related subject they need to talk about.

People may share about how they got sober. They may talk about the 12 steps or about the importance of getting a sponsor or about going to a meeting every day for 90 days. No one is required to talk during a meeting. A person who does not want to speak will not be put on the spot.

After the discussion portion of the meeting is over, a basket will be passed to honor of the 7th Tradition, which states that “every AA group should be self-supporting.” There is no requirement to put any money into the basket, and no one notices if someone doesn’t. While the basket is going around, the chairperson will ask for AA-related announcements.

AA Meetings Offer White Chips to Newcomers

Before ending the meeting, different colored chips are offered to alcoholics who have stayed sober for certain continuous periods of time – 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, six months, nine months and one year. A white chip is offered to anyone who wishes to stay sober or who has relapsed. If a new person wants to pick up a chip, but feels uncomfortable doing that in front of a group, it is completely acceptable to ask the chairperson for one after the meeting has ended.

Usually the meeting ends in a standing circle and with another group recitation of the Serenity Prayer. Some people may need to have meeting attendance sheets signed for a court officer or treatment center. The chairperson will be happy to sign these after the closing prayer. After the meeting, people may offer a new person their name or number in case the newcomer wants to call and ask any questions about AA or the program.

Alcoholics Anonymous has been helping people get sober since 1935. Alcoholics who have abuse issues with other mood or mind altering substances, may also want to investigate AA’s offspring fellowship, Narcotics Anonymous.

Addiction is recognized as causing a lot of human suffering; not only for the addict themselves but also for those around them. Many addicts do manage to get periods away from their alcohol or drug abuse but these attempts to quit often end in relapse. There is now some evidence to suggest that mindfulness training may be able to help people cope better in recovery.

What is Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention?

Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention is based on Buddhist meditation techniques that have been practiced for centuries. The power of this practice has prompted individuals such as Jon Kabat-Zinn to remove some of the religious elements of the practice to use it purely as a way to treat stress related illness. Mindfulness training has produced such positive results that organizations like the Mental Health Foundation in the UK are pushing for its wider introduction. The National Institute for Clinical Excellence (NICE) in the UK has also been convinced by the evidence that mindfulness training can help with mental illness and stress related disease.

Mindfulness is a meditation technique that involves carefully observing what is happening in the body and mind without becoming caught up in the action. It has been described as observing as if you are an outsider looking in. Mindfulness can be practiced as a sitting practice or it can also be performed while conducting any activity; for example, people can mindfully wash their car. Mindfulness training involves being fully present for what is happening at this moment.

Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention is said to work for a number of reasons. One problem that newly sober people have is that they struggle to cope with the stresses and strains of life. It is claimed that mindfulness can help them manage stress much better. There is also the hope that this training will make it easier for people to cope with any cravings that arise.

The Evidence for Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention

There have been a number of studies that have looked at the feasibility of using mindfulness as a way to prevent relapse. One such study was conducted by Zgierska et al where it was found that promising evidence existed to prove the effectiveness of mindfulness for those recovering from addiction. Their small study was comprised of 19 recovering addicts in an outpatient mindfulness program. One of the outcomes was that the majority of those in the study claimed they felt better able to handle stress and cravings. The stress reducing effects of mindfulness seem to be well supported and the UK Mental Health Foundations has reported that 72% of GPs believe that the technique has helped their patients with stress when it has been recommended.

There is good reason to believe that mindfulness may be of use to those recovering from addiction. Considering the amount of human suffering caused by substance abuse anything that may be of help is welcome. More research will be needed before any conclusions can be reached about the effectiveness of mindfulness based relapse prevention.

If you’ve been encouraged to try Al-Anon by a minister, therapist, friend or family member, you might be wondering what will happen when you get there and how you will be treated. You might have a concern that you will be overwhelmed by too much attention or that you won’t fit in. You might worry what people will think of you if you share details of your everyday life . You might wonder if you’ll be forced to talk or if you can just listen. Does it cost anything? Are there any forms to fill out and any commitments? What should you wear? This article addresses those concerns and others.

The Room and the Physical Environment

The vast majority of Al-Anon meeting rooms are casual places, and people are welcomed in almost any attire. There will probably be coffee available, often with a basket for contributions. Don’t feel obligated to pay for your coffee, especially if your financial life has been impacted by your loved one’s drinking. There will typically be a literature rack where you can help yourself to free pamphlets, and you will find friendly people around if you want to strike up a conversation.

The Meeting Format

Although there are several different versions of Al-Anon meetings, the group will typically sit in a circle and begin the meeting with a moment of silence followed by the Serenity Prayer. A pre-selected volunteer chairman will read some introductory material about the program and explain how that particular group operates. People will most likely introduce themselves by saying something like “Hi, my name is Susan and I’m an Alanon”. Do not feel obligated to do this if you don’t feel comfortable with it. After some announcements and welcoming comments, the chairman will introduce either a Speaker or a Leader, who will establish the topic for the evening. Some typical formats are Step Study, topic discussion and speaker meetings.

Group Participation

If you find yourself in a discussion meeting rather than a Speaker meeting, you will have the opportunity to share your experience with the disease of alcoholism, briefly. You are not required to do so, and you may just say your name and then something like “I’d like to just listen tonight”. Most meetings discourage “crosstalk”, which is defined as any interruption of the person who is sharing. Questions are not asked and comments are not made during the time someone is speaking to the group. Those discussions are typically held after the meeting, person to person. Most meetings also encourage participants to keep the focus on themselves, and not the alcoholic.

The Basket and the Notebook

At some time during the meeting, the chairman or leader will pass a basket, box or other container around the room for voluntary contributions, as Al-Anon is self-supported. First-time visitors are usually exempt from this custom, and you’ll likely be told your first meeting is “on the house”. Many members find that their finances have been severely damaged by alcoholism and literally do not have a dollar or two to donate. Many meetings also pass a notebook where attendees can put their first name and phone number. This is a good opportunity for newcomers to copy down phone numbers of experienced members, for private conversations at a later time. There are no forms or commitments for newcomers.

Al-Anon meetings are a safe and friendly environment for those who need to find recovery for themselves in response to alcoholism in a family member or friend.

Most real estate investors start their career with simple rehabs. Many homeowner hear the horror stories of rehabs and automatically steer clear of any rehabilitation projects. Unfortunately many homeowners leave great opportunities on the table when they make this decision. Imagine if you could live in a better neighborhood, with better school districts, shopping, and other nice amenities. You can achieve this by simply opening your mind to rehab opportunities.

Find a Property with Rehab Potential

Get a real estate agent that has experience buying and selling rehab properties. If you have never done a rehab before, it will be very hard to distinguish between what is a great candidate for a rehab and what really just needs to be torn down. You would be surprised at the subtle differences. As a rule of thumb avoid properties with any foundation damage or needing repairs of over half their value. If you are purchasing a house for $200,000, watch out if the house needs more than $100,000 of repairs.

If you are a beginner, try to keep it to 25% of the value of the house. The reasoning here is twofold. First, the more repairs that need to be done, the more likely there are additional repairs that you don’t see. This can be devastating if not budgeted for. More importantly, you want to make sure you are adding value. The more repairs that need to be done, the deeper the discount of a property. This does not just mean the property should be the same price minus repairs. There should be an additional discount because of the risks involved in doing a rehab.

Quantify the Rehab Opportunity

Once you find the desired neighborhood, you need to look for houses on the lowest end. As you look for these opportunities, you need to have on your rosiest colored glasses. Try to put everything in a financial context. If the front lawn looks overgrown and the screen door is falling off, remember that can all be fixed for less than $100. Don’t let little things force you away from a great opportunity. It’s ok if there is a leaky roof or multiple holes in the walls. These all can be repaired for a few thousand dollars. Watch out for things like cracks in the basement walls, cracks in the foundation, buckled floors, or outdated electrical systems. These can all be very big ticket items and an issue of personal safety. Leave these opportunities to the hardcore rehabbers. Remember, your agent is here to assist you in every aspect of purchasing your home. He/She should be able to give you an estimate of how much potential repairs should cost and refer you to people who can perform those repairs.

Advice for Rehabbers who Live-In

If you plan to live in the house while you are doing repairs avoid rehabs that will make this very uncomfortable. If the house has multiple broken windows and it’s a cold winter, avoid it unless you can get this fixed right away. As you are doing a rehab, consider fixing up the basement and using that as your home base until repairs are done. This may not be optimal, but it will probably be preferable to inhaling dust and other bits as your new dream house is created. Most rehabs go over budget and over time, so don’t be disappointed if you have to spend an extra month or two in an uncomfortable situation. It helps to put a few pictures of the finished product around your cozy living space. Some times this may be the only thing keeping you sane.

Finally, don’t overlook older out dated houses. These may be great opportunities as well. Modernizing one of these houses can net you a solid profit and give you the potential to make a house your own. Many rehabbers only look for beat up houses, but rehabs can come in all shapes and sizes. Don’t make the mistake of thinking one will be easier than the other. Older houses tend to have a lot of hidden issues that can double or triple your expected budget, so watch out.

Rehabs provide great opportunities for buyers to get into better neighborhoods. These opportunities are not for everyone because they take time, patience, and good vision. Before you undertake a rehab, make sure you have good people working for you every step of the way. A good real estate agent and a good work crew can make this process easier (not easy). Always expect the unexpected and budget at least 25% more than the expected cost of everything. Take your time and make sure you are working at a pace that fits your budget (a rehabber’s nightmare is running out of money). With all that in mind, good luck (hopefully you wont need it ).

Suboxone is composed of a combination of naloxone and buprenorphine. Naloxone works by blocking the effects of opioids such as heroin, codeine, and morphine. Buprenorphine is an opioid but produces less of an euphoric (high) feeling and it is easier to stop taking.

Administration of Suboxone

Suboxone is used to switch you from your current opioid to Suboxone. During your initial dosage, you must be experiencing mild-to-moderate withdrawal symptoms. This is extremely important. If you take an initial dose of Suboxone without being in mild-to-moderate withdrawal, the medicine will cause you to feel worse because it will cause withdrawal symptoms. Your first dose will be given in your physician’s office. Your symptoms will be assessed and depending on your reaction to the first dose, you may have to be given a second dose.

After your physician has determined a correct dosage, you will be given a prescription to take at home. Your doctor may want to see you daily for the first week to adjust your dosages.

You will be required to fulfill a maintenance program. This will include treatment compliance, taking your Suboxone as prescribed, and generally includes participation in some form of counseling or therapy.

Side Effects of Suboxone

Common side effects while taking this medication can include headache, trouble sleeping, sweating, pain, stomach pain, nausea, or constipation.

Suboxone should not be stopped without first discussing this with your physician. Suboxone can cause withdrawal symptoms and it is best to have your doctor gradually reduce your dosage to avoid these unpleasant side effects.

Seek medical attention immediately if while taking Suboxone you experience an allergic reaction, difficulty breathing, closing of the throat, swelling to your lips, tongue or face, hives, dizziness, confusion, slow breathing, yellowing of your eyes or skin, dark colored urine, or light colored stools.

Considerations while on Suboxone

Suboxone, when given at the proper dosage, helps patients reduce illicit opioid use and remain in treatment. It works by suppressing the symptoms of withdrawal and decreases cravings for opioids.

Alcohol should not be used while on this medication. Alcohol can increase drowsiness and dizziness.

Discuss any other medications you are currently taking with your physician before taking Suboxone. Certain medicines such as antidepressants, antihistamines, sedatives, pain relievers, muscle relaxants, and anxiety pills can interact and cause a dangerous level of drowsiness.

An overdose of Suboxone can cause death. You should only use Suboxone exactly as prescribed by your physician.

People who are close to chemical and process addicts often have difficulty understanding what exactly is going on in their loved one’s head. They wonder why the possible consequences of addiction — job loss, divorce, loss of children, homelessness, incarceration, illness, death — don’t deter the addict from his or her addictive behaviors. They may also wonder how the addict manages to get through the day with these actual or potential consequences staring them in the face.

To the non-addict, an addict’s behaviour often seems irrational and illogical. The thing to remember with addiction is this: inside every addict is the belief that life would be unlivable without their drug. Therefore, their thinking goes, drug use must continue at all costs.

To maintain the belief “drug use must continue, no matter what,” addicts must insulate themselves from the pain their use causes themselves and others by deploying a complex set of interwoven cognitive distortions.

Cognitive Distortions in a Person With an Addiction

Cognitive distortion are ways of perceiving reality that can distort the truth of a situation. Anyone — non-addicts included — may use cognitive distortions. However, addicts and others with low self-esteem as well as people faced with disturbing realities may use these skewed ways of thinking more frequently than people who are well-functioning. The day-to-day situations of most addicted people are so wretched that without cognitive distortions, they would not be able to function.

What are some of the common cognitive distortions of addicted people?

Denial in Addiction

The person in denial refuses to accept or even acknowledge the existence or severity of a problem. Many experts in the treatment of addiction consider denial to be at the center of the disorder.

While addicts are not the only troubled people who use denial as a means to cope with disturbing realities, addicts use denial more consistently and comprehensively than people with other types of problems.

Personalization in an Addict

When personalization occurs, the addict feels that blame or responsibility is assigned to them at the mere mention of an event or situation. For example, if a family member declines the offer of a second helping at dinner, an addict using personalization may feel personally blamed, attacked, or judged by the family member’s refusal.

Personalization keeps the addict is an emotionally-overcharged state at all times. The uncomfortable feelings generated by personalization functions both as a “reason” to use, and as a distraction from the real problem, the addiction.

Emotional Reasoning in Addiction

When an addict uses emotional reasoning, they create an understanding of a situation based strictly on how they feel. For example, guilt may lead an addict to feel “unworthy of love”; emotional reasoning convinces them that feeling unworthy and being unworthy are the same thing. People who use emotional reasoning can enter into a self-destructive loop of negative thoughts and feelings that feed off each other and decrease the individual’s feelings of low self-esteem and lack of self-worth.

Like personalization, emotional reasoning gives the addict plenty of “reasons” to keep using, and also functions as a distraction from the real problem.

Addiction and Magnification/Minimization

Magnification involves over-analyzing and inflating one’s errors, flaws, and defects of character. Minimization involves ignoring, justifying, or explaining away serious problems and concerns. In other words, when addicts magnify issues, small molehills are mistaken for significant mountains. When they minimize issues, they are treating significant mountains like small molehills.

Most addicts use both magnification and minimization to defend and distract from the addiction and it’s consequences.

“Should” Statements in Someone With an Addiction

“Should” statements – like “I should be more committed to exercising” and “I should get some help with this problem” may be motivating statements for non-addicts, but for addicts “should” statements are like Kryptonite. “Should” statements sap all the addict’s resolve and replace it with self-loathing and helplessness. That’s because for people in addiction there are tremendous personal, familial, and societal expectations are hidden in the word “should”. The pressure of these perceived expectations results in the addicted person feeling trapped and resentful.

As with the other cognitive distortions, addicts use the emotional pain generated by “should” statements in two ways: to provide a “reason” for using and to distract from the consequences of the use.

Labeling and Addiction

Labeling inaccurately assigns meaning to people, things, and events. Because ________ happened, it means ___________ is always and everywhere true. In other words, labeling over-generalizes.

For example, an addict might say to himself: “I was late today, therefore I am unreliable.” Of course, having established that he is unreliable, the addict can now excuse himself from any obligation to even try to be on time: “I’m unreliable; therefore, people will expect me to be late, and so there is no point in me trying to be on time.”

Mental Filters in Addicts

An addict who uses a mental filter sees everything in the present reality through a past experience. In other words, the person has had an emotionally charged experience, and starts to view all subsequent experiences through the lens of the past event. For example, in addiction it is not unusual for addicts to face great danger and violence from others. Those experiences start to colour all their interactions so that they lose the ability to distinguish between trustworthy people who are trying to help and untrustworthy people who are trying to take advantage of them.

Like the other cognitive distortions, using a mental filter keeps the addict distracted from the consequences of her use, and generates a good deal of loneliness and isolation that then become a “reason” to continue to use.

Tips for Coping With An Addict’s Cognitive Distortions

Remember that addicts will not give up their distortions until they are ready. Chances are you will be ready for them to get rid of their distortions long before they are. Since an addict’s distortions will likely last as long as the addiction itself, you will likely need to find a way to balance your compassion and concern for the addict with a practical ‘no nonsense’ stance.

In other words, you will likely need to find a way to express caring and compassion without getting drawn into the drama and chaos. Many friends and family members of addicts find that the support and fellowship of others in the same situation helps them achieve this.

The most important thing to remember about an addict’s cognitive distortions is that you have a choice about whether or not you will join in. You have no control over the addict’s cognitive distortions, but you do have control over whether or not you will buy into them.If your instincts tell you that the addict’s perceptions of a situation are skewed, don’t doubt yourself. Go with your gut.

Simple prayers ask God to heal and guide the drug addicted through treatment and beyond.

Many people struggle with addiction to alcohol, over-the-counter medications, and other drugs. The following prayers — prayer to stop using, prayer to seek treatment, blessing for a person in recovery, and thanksgiving for staying clean — invite God to be a source of strength to those struggling with drug addiction.

Prayer to Stop Using Drugs

While addicted to drugs, stopping can seem impossible. The following prayer asks God to intervene in the midst of using drugs, that the individual might be better able to seek treatment: “God, help! I can’t stop without You. Let me stop. Amen.”

One might repeat this prayer to battle a craving, as they try to make a different choice that’s conducive with healthy living.

Prayer to Seek Drug Treatment

Seeking help for substance abuse is extremely difficult when drugs are running one’s life. The following prayer asks God to grant strength to someone seeking treatment, that he/she may stop the drug cycle:

“Loving God, You know I need help. I’m not strong enough to reach out by myself. Grant me the strength to seek [insert treatment intervention, plan, or program, if known,] that I may reclaim my life from [insert addictive substance here,] in Your loving and precious name, Amen.”

One may also recite this prayer for a loved one or friend in hopes that he/she will seek treatment for a drug addiction, as well as for people seeking help who may need extra support.

Blessing for a Person in Recovery

Being and staying in recovery takes patience, support, hard work, and lots of grace. The following prayer asks God to bless the person in recovery, keep him/her from relapse, and guide him/her on the path to being drug free:

“God of power and might, grant [insert person’s name] the grace to be and stay drug free. Be with him/her when [addictive substance] calls, and help him/her choose life over death. Bless [insert person’s name,] keep him/her, and continue to guide him/her in the light of Your healing love. Amen.”

One might offer this prayer to welcome home an individual from inpatient treatment or to mark an important event in recovery, such as a week, month, year, or decade drug-free.

Thanksgiving for Staying Clean

For those addicted to drugs and alcohol, every day without them is an achievement. For the religious person, staying clean is, indeed, a gift from God. The following prayer offers God thanks and celebrates an individual’s ability to live drug free.

“Lord God of heaven and earth, of life and death, of freedom and fear, thank you for [insert time without drugs.] My freedom would not be possible without your love and without the love of [insert other people who offered support during recovery.] Thank you for freeing me from myself, and guide me to continue to choose life, in Your loving and precious name, Amen.”

The battle with drug addiction can seem like a losing battle, but with prayer, a religious individual may rely on an infinite source of strength and trust that he/she is not alone, even in the midst of addiction.

Substance abuse can have devastating effects on the family as a whole. The emotional toll can be debilitating as well as health and financial concerns. Illegal purchasing of drugs and the health of the individual or individuals in a family is also of grave concern. Communication breaks down and the family becomes divided. Violence can occur when a person is under the influence so treatment in a rehab facility or in family counseling is highly recommended. Loving an addict, is hard. If you are committed to seeing them through the addiction, they will be be eternally grateful.
Communication breaks down when a member of the family is abusing drugs. They will withdraw from their family and friends, becoming irritable and anxious.

Young substance abusers may run away becoming homeless or entrenched in a life of prostitution to pay for their habit. The family member is in denial regarding their drug use and will rationalize their habit making communication difficult. There is an increasing number of young people abusing prescription drugs due to the fact they can find them in their parents bathrooms.

Health concerns are a major effect on the family. The possibility of a drug overdose can frighten family members. The substance abuser may have multiple health problems from the overuse of drugs such as brain damage and heart problems.

When a family member is under the influence of drugs money becomes an important part of their lives so they may keep purchasing the drugs. They will find any means to obtain that money and one is by stealing from family members. Leaving a purse or wallet, jewelry and other valuables in their reach makes it easy for them to steal. Storing away valuables and keeping wallets and purses out of their sight helps in them not stealing from you. But they will find others to steal from and could get caught and prosecuted.

A family member under the influence of drugs can become quite violent. Their strength can intensify and their mind can hallucinate. When a family member becomes a threat to you or to himself law enforcement should be called. Do not try and take upon yourself to try and talk a person down when they are under the influence and have become violent.

Purchasing illegal drugs can have it’s on ramifications besides just the health concerns. When a member of the family is caught and arrested on drug charges the entire family is effected. It the arrested person is a parent their employment may be in jeopardy.

There are a number of support groups to help the family when a member is abusing a substance. For families of alcoholics Al-anon is a free support group. For people whose family member abuses narcotics there is Nar-Anon and Co-anon for those with cocaine abuse. Trusted family and friends can be a huge life support along with your local churches and their ministers.

Oxymorphone or Opana is a pretty big narcotic prescription drug, which is also an opioid. It is a drug that has been gaining popularity amongst the users due to the artificial high it produces for a longer range of time. It can be used for non-medicinal purposes, and the drug enforcement agency classifies this as a Schedule II controlled substance. It has a pretty high potential to create dependency on the drug, and abuse is pretty common for people using Oxymorphone in alarming frequency.


Basically used in order to control the pain, Oxymorphone has an immediate effect on the body. It can help in the increase of pleasure, as well as produce a relaxing effect in the entire body. It can take care of the functions of the central nervous system, particularly the elevation of the BP, as well as increase in the heart rate that leads to happiness within the entire body. Chemical receptors such as serotonin are also released with signals happiness in the body.

When taken in a regular frequency, Oxymorphone can lead to a sort of tolerance leading to an increase in the dependency of an individual up on this particular drug. It is true for both the recreational as well as the people that use it for legitimate means. Sometimes, the people making use of Oxymorphone may need to take a higher dose so that they can get rid of the pain and come across a mellow feeling as it subsides.

Withdrawal symptoms of Oxymorphone

The dependency of drug addicts on Oxymorphone can be both psychological as well as physical, and there are certain withdrawal symptoms that will be showcased in the user.

  1. Joint pain
  2. Weakness
  3. Excessive yawning
  4. Irritability
  5. Insomnia
  6. Nausea and vomiting
  7. Restlessness
  8. The dilation of the pupils
  9. A noticeable increase in the heart rate
  10. Anorexia

Detox for Oxymorphone use

Medicinal detox is the one that is normally considered in order to ease the withdrawal symptoms associated with Oxymorphone. When it is provided in a specialized facility with professionals all around the clock, then vital signs can be monitored, and the mental health can be easily checked in the patient. This helps in the reduction of dependency of the user on Oxymorphone gradually, and it can smooth out any kind of withdrawal and side effects.

Typically, most of the treatment centers make use of substitution medications to counter the effect of such opioid drugs. Therefore, you can get medications like methadone being prescribed to the people suffering from Oxymorphone addiction. The primary reason methadone is given is to ensure that a lesser amount of those it is required in order to keep all the receptors activated. These are pretty long acting opioids, resulting in a few doses for the patient. Moreover, methadone is only dispersed from the federal clinics, and therefore it would create a sort of buffer zone for being dependent on this drug as well. The people substituting methadone for Oxymorphone would not be able to feel the high associated with the latter.

Propoxyphene, otherwise known as a prescription medication has been used in order to treat any kind of moderate pain in the patient. However, it has also been classified as a schedule II substance in the United States according to the drug enforcement agency or the DEA. It signals that prescription medication that contains Propoxyphene should be used with caution. However, most of the people that undergo substance abuse with Propoxyphene find it to be highly addictive. As recent as 2010, most of the products had procured negative reviews, and it was being pulled from the markets. There were many doctors that did not prescribe medication that contained Propoxyphene. However, even though such kind of medications is no longer available, people have still been able to abuse its use and maintain and obtain them for their own addiction.

Propoxyphene-Related Deaths from 1981 to 2002

Withdrawal symptoms of Propoxyphene

People ingesting Propoxyphene in large proportions become addicted very soon. Some of the withdrawal symptoms seen;

  • Aches in the muscles
  • Constant sweating
  • Chills
  • Anxiety
  • Fever
  • Insomnia

Besides such symptoms, Propoxyphene dependency can also come with a lot of psychological issues. Sometimes depression as well as cravings for the drug can become commonplace after you stop using it. You need proper consultation from a doctor or a physician and get into a detox and rehab facility at the earliest.

Detox facilities for Propoxyphene

There are various modes of the talks that can be used in order to get rid of Propoxyphene addiction.

  • Detoxification in the emergency room: Whenever there is any case for overdose with Propoxyphene, the user is immediately rushed into the emergency room. Trained physicians that are extremely competent can focus upon saving the life of the person with some of the best detox practices which can lead to a long-term recovery.
  • Detoxification in the residence: The Propoxyphene addict can go for detox facilities within the confines of their own house with the presence of a medical personal at all times. Although this is a very costly venture, and greatly risks relapse of the patient, it also ensures that the patient can remain within the sanctity of their own house. Whenever there are any withdrawal symptoms creeping up, there are family members to keep the person at hold.
  • Detoxification in an establishment: There are detox and rehab facilities all across the world that caters to Propoxyphene addicts. In order to take care of this addiction, people need to get themselves admitted into such rehab centers at the earliest. Proper medical care and comfort will be provided to the drug addicts and all the proper protocols shall be maintained to take care of the withdrawal symptoms. Moreover, customized solutions shall also be found according to the needs of the patient. There are other rehab services like psychological evaluation that shall be done on the patient at regular basis to prevent any kind of relapse.

Propoxyphene addiction can be dangerous, and one needs to get help at the earliest possible opportunity so as to tackle this problem head on.